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Use gift Aid to save tax

HMRC have recently highlighted that charities are collectively missing out on some £600m extra funding because a third of donations made do not add Gift Aid when they could have done so.

Broadly, Gift Aid allows charities and community amateur sports clubs (CASC) to claim an extra 25p for every £1 donated. To add Gift Aid to a donation, the donor must have paid income or capital gains tax that year worth at least the value of the Gift Aid being added, and must give the charity permission to…

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Diesel car supplement increase takes effect

The rules for taxing petrol company cars apply equally to diesel cars, but the latter are then subject to further adjustment.

The taxable benefit arising on a car is, broadly, calculated using the car’s full manufacturer’s published UK list price, including the full value of any accessories. This figure is multiplied by the ‘appropriate percentage’, which can be found by reference to the car’s CO2 emissions level using HMRC’s ready reckoner. This will give the taxable value of the car benefit.

For cars that are ‘propelled solely by diesel’,…

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HMRC update guidance on MSCs

HMRC have updated their guidance, following the recent decision in Christianuyi Ltd v R & C Commrs [2018] UKUT 10 (TCC), in which the Upper Tribunal ruled that a number of companies were operating as managed service companies (MSCs).

In this case, the Upper Tribunal upheld the decision of the First-tier Tribunal that the appellant companies were MSCs within the scope of the MSC legislation, and subsequently that the individuals were liable for PAYE income tax and National Insurance contributions (NICs) on the dividends they received from the…

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When are tips taxable?

The Sum season usually sees a rise in the number of casual staff taken on by restaurants and cafes. Whilst the tax and NIC implications of wages is generally straight-forward, confusion often arises regarding tips and gratuities as the necessary tax and NIC treatment depends on how they are paid to the recipient.

Cash tips handed to an employee, or left on the table at a restaurant and retained by that employee, are not subject to tax and NICs under PAYE, but the employee is obliged to declare the…

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Offshore income and the RTC rule

HMRC are getting noticeably tougher on those who try to evade tax by hiding their assets or income offshore. They are increasing the size and range of penalties charged, and increasing the number of prosecutions of serious evaders.

Broadly, a UK-resident taxpayer has a responsibility to notify HMRC of any taxable offshore income they receive. Income is considered ‘offshore income’ if it comes from a territory outside the United Kingdom. It includes:

– interest from overseas bank or building society accounts;
– dividends and interest from overseas companies;
– rent from overseas…

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Wales ready for tax changes

The Welsh Government and the National Assembly for Wales take responsibility for some of the taxes paid in Wales in April 2018.

Three taxes in Wales are affected by the partial devolvement:

– Stamp duty land tax;
– Landfill tax; and
– Income tax.

Land transaction tax (LTT)

From 1 April 2018, Land Transaction Tax (LTT) replaces Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) in Wales. LTT will be collected by the Welsh Revenue Authority (WRA). The Welsh rates and bands for LTT were published in October 2017.

The change means that HMRC will not accept SDLT…

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Finance Act 2018 changes affecting partnerships

Finance Act 2018, which received Royal Assent on 15 March 2018, enacts several changesaffecting the taxation of partnerships, most of which apply for the 2018-19 tax year onwards. The changes will be relevant to general and limited partnerships, Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) carrying on business with a view to profit, and foreign entities classified as partnerships for UK tax purposes.

Although HMRC believe there will be little impact for most partnerships, it will be important for partnership structures to review the rules and assess their likely impact.

Reporting requirements

The legislation…

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NMW and NLW increases take effect

New rates for the National Minimum Wage (NMW) and National Living Wage (NLW) (aged 25 and over) apply from 1 April 2018, and employers must ensure that they implement them accordingly. The rates are as follows:

– 25 and over – £7.83 per hour;
– 21 – to 24-year-olds – £7.38 an hour;
– 18 – to 20-year-olds – £5.90 an hour;
– under 18s – £4.20 an hour; and
– Apprentice rate – £3.70 an hour.

Severe penalties may be imposed for failure to comply with NMW/NLW obligations. Broadly, the penalty percentage which…

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IHT: know your limit

Insurance company Canada Life’s annual survey for 2017 has revealed growing confusion over the operation of inheritance tax. According to the survey, more than two thirds of respondents did not know the current level of the inheritance tax nil rate band – among adults over the age of 45 with assets in excess of £325,000, some 70% did not know that the threshold for the standard nil rate band is currently £325,000. This is a significant increase on the 61% shown in the 2016 survey. In addition, 55% of…

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HMRC win IR35 appeal

HMRC have won a significant appeal concerning the application of employment intermediaries legislation to BBC television presenters. In Christa Ackroyd Media Ltd and the Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs, [2018] UKFTT 0069 TC06334, the First Tier Tribunal (FTT) ruled that the legislation (known as the ‘IR35 rules’) applied to the arrangements under which the BBC contracted one of the presenters of the regional news programme Look North.

Christa Ackroyd, whose ‘personal service company’ (Christa Ackroyd Media Ltd (CAM)), was engaged under a seven year contract with the BBC…

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